• Estimated total population:1
  • 24.5 million
  • Maternal mortality ratio:2
  • 327/100,000 live births
  • Infant mortality rate:2
  • 74/1,000 live births
  • Under-five mortality rate:2
  • 102/1,000 live births
  • Total fertility rate:2
  • 5.1
  • Contraceptive prevalence:2
  • 19.5% (modern method)
  • 21.2% (all methods)
  • HIV prevalence:4
  • <0.1%
  • Births with skilled provider:2
  • 34.3%
  • Sources:
  • 1Central Statistics Office, Afghanistan Population Data, 2010 –2011;
  • 2Afghanistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010–2011;
  • 3Afghanistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010–2011;
  • 4UNAIDS 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic.


Jhpiego has been working in Afghanistan since 2002, initially with funding from UNICEF and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). From 2003 to 2006, Jhpiego worked as a partner on the Rural Expansion of Afghanistan’s Community-based Health Care (REACH) Program, led by Management Sciences for Health. Beginning in 2005, the Jhpiego-led, USAID-funded ACCESS Program successfully implemented a demonstration project to reduce mortality from postpartum hemorrhage through the use of birth planning, coupled with oral misoprostol at home births to reduce deaths from postpartum hemorrhage where there is no skilled provider. ACCESS also supported the establishment of the Afghan Midwives Association, one of the country’s first civil society institutions to focus on women’s professional development.

From July 2006 to October 2012, Jhpiego implemented the USAID-funded Health Services Support Project (HSSP) with sub-partners Save the Children and Futures Group International. This project focused on: improving the delivery of high-quality health care services in health facilities across 21 provinces in Afghanistan, increasing the number of skilled female providers, generating community demand for health services, and integrating gender awareness and gender-sensitive practices into health service delivery. In addition, with funding from UNICEF, Jhpiego led a national, facility-based emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) assessment in Afghanistan, followed by an assessment of EmONC training and the development of 15 teams of EmONC trainers. With funding from the Arnow Family Fund, Jhpiego also supported the advancement of national plans to expand community-based distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage at home births.

Currently, Jhpiego is implementing the five-year, USAID-funded Family Planning, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Project in Afghanistan. The goal of the project is to increase utilization of high-quality family planning and maternal, newborn and child health services through the introduction and scale-up of culturally appropriate, cost-effective and high-impact interventions that strengthen and enhance existing primary care services.

For a complete description of Jhpiego’s work in this country, click the link below.

Afghanistan Country Profile PDF1.4 MB

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