- Estimated total population:1
- 24.5 million
- Maternal mortality ratio:2
- 327/100,000 live births
- Infant mortality rate:2
- 74/1,000 live births
- Under-five mortality rate:2
- 102/1,000 live births
- Total fertility rate:2
- Contraceptive prevalence:2
- 19.5% (modern method)
- 21.2% (all methods)
- HIV prevalence:3
- Births with skilled provider:2
- 1Central Statistics Office, Afghanistan Population Data, 2010 –2011;
- 2Afghanistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010–2011;
- 3UNAIDS 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic.
Jhpiego has been working in Afghanistan since 2002, initially with funding from UNICEF and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). From 2003 to 2006, Jhpiego worked as a partner on the Rural Expansion of Afghanistan’s Community-based Health Care (REACH) Program, led by Management Sciences for Health. In 2005, the USAID-funded ACCESS Program, led by Jhpiego, began a demonstration project to reduce mortality from postpartum hemorrhage through the use of birth planning, coupled with oral misoprostol at home births to reduce deaths from postpartum hemorrhage where there is no skilled provider. ACCESS also supported the establishment of the Afghan Midwives Association, one of the country’s first civil society institutions to focus on women’s professional development.
In 2009, in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health and with funding from UNICEF, Jhpiego led a national, facility-based emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) assessment to identify needs and gaps in order to increase quality, coverage and utilization of services and critical support systems. UNICEF also supported Jhpiego to conduct an assessment of EmONC training and to develop 15 teams of EmONC trainers. With sub-partners Save the Children and Futures Group International, Jhpiego implemented the Health Services Support Project (HSSP) from July 2006 to October 2012, which focused on improving the delivery of high-quality health care services in health facilities across 21 provinces in Afghanistan, increasing the number of skilled female providers, generating community demand for health services, and integrating gender awareness and gender-sensitive practices into health service delivery.
Currently, with funding from the Arnow Family Fund, Jhpiego is supporting the advancement of national plans to expand a community-based distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage at home births.
For a complete description of Jhpiego's work in this country, click the link below.
|Afghanistan Country Profile PDF||3.77 MB|