• Estimated total population:1
  • 95.9 million
  • Maternal mortality ratio:2
  • 676 per 100,000 live births
  • Infant mortality rate:3
  • 59 per 1,000 live births
  • Under-five mortality rate:3
  • 88 per 1,000 live births
  • Total fertility rate:1
  • 4.1
  • Contraceptive prevalence:4
  • 32% (all methods)
  • HIV prevalence:5
  • 1.5%
  • Births with skilled provider:3
  • 10%
  • Sources:
  • 1 Population Reference Bureau 2014 World Population Data Sheet;
  • 22011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey;
  • 3 Neonatal, post-neonatal, childhood and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970–2010: A systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4. Lancet 2010; 375: 1988–2008;
  • 4FMOH. Health Sector DevelopmentProgram IV: 2010/11–2014/15. Final Draft, 2010;
  • 5FMOH and FHAPCO. Single Point HIV Prevalence Estimate 2007.


Jhpiego’s work in Ethiopia includes initiatives in maternal and newborn care, human resources for health and HIV/AIDS, and is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Jhpiego initially began work in Ethiopia in 2003 with funding support from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief through the CDC. More recently, from 2010 to 2013, with funding from UNICEF, Jhpiego established standardized trainers and training sites across the country in basic emergency obstetric and newborn care. Additionally, from 2011 to 2014, under the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP), funded by USAID, Jhpiego collaborated with Save the Children and the Johns Hopkins Institute for International Programs to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity by increasing the use of high-impact maternal and newborn interventions.

Jhpiego continues to expand its partnerships in Ethiopia to build the capacity of local institutions, including the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, to respond to the country’s health needs. Jhpiego currently works with a diverse funding base to support the FMOH and other partners to address the challenges of maternal and newborn mortality, human resources for health development and HIV/AIDS through the following programs:

  • The USAID-funded Strengthening Human Resources for Health project, designed to improve health outcomes in Ethiopia by strengthening the human resources management system to improve and monitor the quality of education, deployment and continued professional development of health care providers.
  • The Maternal and Child Survival Program, also funded by USAID, which seeks to reduce maternal, child, infant and neonatal mortality and morbidity by increasing facility-based births with skilled birth attendance and by strengthening the provision of high-quality basic essential and emergency obstetric and newborn care.
  • The CDC-funded, Columbia University-led grant, Technical Assistance for the Transition of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Programs and Medical Education to Ethiopia, under which Jhpiego provides technical support in pre-service education and the provision of voluntary medical male circumcision services.
  • The Empowering a New Generation to Improve Nutrition and Economic Opportunities Project, funded by USAID and led by Save the Children, under which Jhpiego works with universities to strengthen pre-service education in nutrition.

For a complete description of Jhpiego’s work in this country, click the link below.

Ethiopia Country Profile.pdf896.52 KB

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