• Estimated total population:1
  • 87.1 million
  • Maternal mortality ratio:2
  • 676 per 100,000 live births
  • Infant mortality rate:4
  • 59 per 1,000 live births
  • Under-five mortality rate:1
  • 88 per 1,000 live births
  • Total fertility rate:2
  • 5.3
  • Contraceptive prevalence:3
  • 32% (all methods)
  • HIV prevalence:5
  • 2.4%
  • Births with skilled provider:2
  • 18%
  • Sources:
  • 1 Population Reference Bureau 2011 World Population Data Sheet;
  • 22011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey;
  • 3 FMOH. Health Sector Development Program IV: 2010/11–2014/15. Final Draft, 2010;
  • 4 Neonatal, post-neonatal, childhood and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970–2010: A systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4. Lancet 2010; 375: 1988–2008;
  • 5FMOH and FHAPCO. Single Point HIV Prevalence Estimate 2007.
  • 6FMOH and FHAPCO. Single Point HIV Prevalence Estimate 2007.


Jhpiego began working in Ethiopia in 2003 with funding from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Initially, CDC-supported activities focused on implementing infection prevention practices at hospitals, but subsequently grew over a seven-year period to include a series of interventions focusing on the HIV epidemic. In addition, from 2007 to 2009 under the ACCESS Program, Jhpiego partnered with the Carter Center to create enabling environments for health officer trainees in maternal and newborn care, and worked to build the capacity of health extension workers to provide essential maternal and newborn care.

Jhpiego continues to expand its partnerships in Ethiopia to build the capacity of local institutions, including the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, to respond to the country’s health needs. Jhpiego currently works with a diverse funding base to support the FMOH and other partners to address the dual challenges of HIV/AIDS and maternal and newborn mortality through the following programs:

  • Improving health outcomes in Ethiopia by strengthening the human resources management system to improve and monitor the quality of education, deployment and continued professional development of health care providers
  • Strengthening facility-based provision of basic essential and emergency obstetric and newborn care in collaboration with the Ethiopian Midwifery Association and with funding from UNICEF
  • Reducing maternal mortality under the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
  • Providing technical support in HIV treatment, care and prevention as a sub-partner to Johns Hopkins University under the CDC-funded Technical Support for the Ethiopian HIV/AIDS Antiretroviral Therapy Initiative
  • Strengthening Human Resources for Health through Continuing Education of Health Workers, funded by CDC
  • Empowering a New Generation to Improve Nutrition and Economic Opportunities, funded by USAID

In addition to the funding partners described above, Jhpiego works with a variety of international organizations and local governmental and nongovernmental organizations in Ethiopia.

For a complete description of Jhpiego's work in this country, click the link below.

Ethiopia Country Profile806.96 KB

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