• Estimated total population:1
  • 50.8 million
  • Maternal mortality ratio:2
  • 450 per 100,000 live births
  • Infant mortality rate:2
  • 26 per 1,000 live births
  • Under-five mortality rate:2
  • 76 per 1,000 live births
  • Total fertility rate:2
  • 5.5
  • Contraceptive prevalence:2
  • 34% (modern methods)
  • HIV prevalence:3
  • 6%
  • Births with skilled provider:2
  • 49%


  • 1Population Reference Bureau 2014 World Population Data Sheet;
  • 22010 Demographic and Health Survey;
  • 32007–2008 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey.


Jhpiego began working in partnership with the Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) in 1999, initially with funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to provide technical assistance to develop Essential Maternal and Neonatal Health Guidelines. Subsequently, this work was greatly expanded under the USAID-funded Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH) and ACCESS Programs. In 2005, with funding from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Jhpiego’s role in Tanzania further expanded into the area of community mobilization for malaria prevention and control. From 2008–2014, Jhpiego led three USAID-funded programs for maternal and newborn health, HIV counseling and testing, and the scale-up of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC): 1) the Mothers and Infants, Safe, Healthy and Alive Program; 2) the Universal HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing Program; and 3) the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP).

At this time, Jhpiego is implementing the following programs in Tanzania:

  • The Newborn Resuscitation Program, funded by the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation
  • USAID’s global Accelovate Program for innovative implementation and research in VMMC and HIV testing and counseling, and USAID’s AIDSFree Program to scale up VMMC and early infant male circumcision and provide technical support to the MOHSW
  • A Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs Trade Development (DFATD)-funded subaward through CARE International for maternal and child health in Tabora Region
  • A subaward under the Wazazi na Mwana Project with Plan International, funded by the Canadian International Development Agency and addressing maternal and child health in Mwanza and Rukwa Regions
  • A CDC-funded initiative to build the capacity of the MOHSW to address infection prevention and control in hospitals across Tanzania
  • The USAID Global Maternal and Child Survival Program for integrated maternal, newborn and child health in Tanzania

In addition to these programs, Jhpiego is currently implementing six research studies in Tanzania.

For a complete description of Jhpiego’s work in this country, click the link below.

Tanzania Country Profile PDF1.4 MB

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