HIV/AIDS and Infectious Diseases

The global burden

  • There were 1.8 million new HIV infections in 2016, 1.2 million of these occurred in sub-Saharan Africa.1
  • 1.7 million people were killed by tuberculosis (TB) in 2016—TB is the leading cause of death among people living with HIV.2
  • 45% of all new HIV infections were in key populations, many of these individual lack safe and dignified access to essential HIV services.
  • More than half of men under the age of 35 do not know their HIV status.3
  • The number of 15- to 24-year-olds in sub-Saharan Africa has doubled since the start of the epidemic, and girls and young women account for 74% of new HIV infections among adolescents in the region.4

What Jhpiego is doing

Since 2001, Jhpiego has brought scientifically driven innovations to the prevention, care and treatment of HIV and other infectious diseases.


Success Stories


  • Footnotes

    • * Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Zambia
    • 1 UNAIDS. 2016. Global HIV Statistics. Geneva: UNAIDS.
    • 2 World Health Organization. 2017. Global tuberculosis report 2017. Geneva: WHO.
    • 3 PHIA Project. 2016. “Malawi Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment: MPHIA 2015–2016.” New York: ICAP at Columbia University; PHIA Project. 2016. “Zambia Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment: MPHIA 2015–2016.” New York: ICAP at Columbia University; PHIA Project. 2016. “Zimbabwe Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment: MPHIA 2015–2016.” New York: ICAP at Columbia University.
    • 4 WHO. 2016. “TUBERCULOSIS: Global Tuberculosis Report 2016.” Geneva: WHO.