The Johns Hopkins CBID / Jhpiego Emergency Zika Design Challenge

Innovation Focus: Prevent Disease through Protection from Mosquito Bites

Emergency Zika Design Challenge

During the Johns Hopkins hackathon, approximately 50 biomedical engineers, scientists, global health specialists, and students joined with public health experts from Brazil, the Armed Forces Pest Management Board, and U.S. Department of Agriculture's Invasive Insects Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory to brainstorm new ways to prevent mosquito bites and motivate the public to protect themselves.

For questions, please contact:

Among the top ideas to emerge:

  • A modified mosquito trap surveillance system to map mosquito hotspots in a city, empowering communities to take action and clean up their neighborhoods and assisting public officials in identifying areas to spray for mosquitoes and better target resources;
  • Culturally appropriate fashion accessories that emit a long-acting mosquito repellent;
  • A soap dubbed "Never Will Bite" that repels mosquitoes and can be used on the skin or to wash clothes, an idea that incorporates a repellent into a normal daily routine;
  • ZikAvoid, a banner that emits mosquito repellent and can be used at sporting events; it is part of a kit that would also include a personal spray, a larvicide, and an information packet that could be given to pregnant women during health visits.

Photos from the Hackathon

Event Speakers

Francisca Maria O. Andrade, MD, MPH
Programme Specialist

Francisca Maria Oliveira Andrade is a Programme Specialist with UNICEF in Brazil. She is responsible for areas of child survival and development, health, nutrition and HIV/AIDS, and is now involved in the Aedes aegypti vector control program (dengue, chikungunya, zika) in Northeast Brazil. She also participates on the committee studying microcephaly cases in Ceará State. Dr. Andrade’s past experiences include practicing medicine before becoming a Coordinator for the Child Survival Program at the Ceará State Secretariat of Health, which received the UNICEF Maurice Pate Award for its success in reducing infant mortality. She has served in leadership roles in organizations such as the State Secretariat of Health and State Foundation for the Welfare of Children and Adolescents, co-authored books and was a Fellow of the Kellogg International Leadership Program. Dr. Andrade is currently pursuing her PhD in public health.

Sylvia Lemos Hinrichsen, MD, MSc, MBA, PhD
Professor of Infectious Diseases-Tropical Medicine, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)
Consultant, Patient Safety and Risk Management- Intervention Change Behavior

Sylvia Lemos Hinrichsen is a Professor of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) in Brazil and is a consultant for the Brazilian Institute of Patient Safety. She has a Master›s in Tropical Medicine and a PhD in Medicine from UFPE, as well as an MBA in Auditing of Health Services. She also completed a leadership fellowship with Partners of America and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. Dr. Hinrichsen has served as an infectious disease physician, developing patient risk control and hospital epidemiology at tertiary hospitals, contributed to quality and management patient safety projects for 10 years and worked on multidisciplinary projects financed by the World AIDS Foundation, San Diego State University and the Brazilian Ministry of Health.

Curriculum Vitae

Conor McMeniman, PhD
Assistant Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Conor McMeniman, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, and Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr McMeniman’s research focuses on characterizing molecular and cellular mechanisms driving mosquito attraction to humans. His research team employs integrative techniques spanning the fields of chemical ecology, genetics and neurobiology to elucidate how human odorants present in body odor and breath are perceived by the mosquito nervous system. With this knowledge Dr McMeniman’s research program aims to develop innovative strategies that lure or repel mosquitoes away from humans to eliminate transmission of vector-borne diseases including malaria, dengue, chikungunya and zika.

Mark A. Pomerinke, Lt Col, PhD
Deputy Director, Armed Forces Pest Management Board
BSC Associate Corps Chief, Medical Entomology

Lieutenant Colonel Mark A. Pomerinke is the Deputy Director of the Armed Forces Pest Management Board, which recommends policy, provides guidance and coordinates the exchange of information on all matters related to Department of Defense pest management. Lt. Col. Pomerinke graduated from the University of Florida with a PhD in Entomology. His past assignments include Command Entomologist for the US Air Forces in Europe, Instructor and Director of Operational Entomology at the US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine and Assistant Professor of Biology at the US Air Force Academy.

Curriculum Vitae

Kamlesh R. Chauhan, MSc, PhD
Research Chemist
Invasive Insects Biocontrol & Behavior Laboratory

Dr. Kamlesh R. Chauhan is a Research Chemist at the US Department of Agriculture. He is an internationally recognized expert on vector control and integrated pest management. Dr. Chauhan has 25 years of experience in the research of chiral synthesis of biomolecules. He is also an expert in quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) and natural product synthesis. Dr. Chauhan’s accomplishments include co-authoring over 70 publications; having three inventions adopted; being invited by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to participate in the New Initiatives in Vector Control symposium; and assisting the World Health Organization in preparing guidelines for developing spatial repellents against disease vectors.

The Partnership

Jhpiego and the Center for Bioengineering Innovation and Design (CBID) at Hopkins set out four years ago to tap the biomedical engineering potential of students to solve global health challenges confounding communities around the world. The objective: provide students with a clinical field placement in low-resource countries where Jhpiego works, so they could better design solutions to global health challenges with the end-user in mind. Whether for a nurse in a maternity ward in Tanzania or a community health worker in the mountains of Nepal, the student-designed innovations would have to be effective, easy to use and extremely affordable. Informed by the field experience of Jhpiego's team of global health experts and the engineering prowess of CBID’s faculty, the partnership has proven an educational highlight for students that is inspiring new careers and innovations in international health. It's a win-win: the potential for achieving life-saving solutions to health conditions that impact hundreds of thousands of people.

Johns Hopkins Biomedical Engineering
Center for Bioengineering, Innovation & Design
Jhpiego - an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University