Infection Prevention and Control

Infection Prevention handwashing

Photo by Karen Kasmauski/MCHIP

For more than a decade, Jhpiego has been an international leader in advocating for and implementing evidence-based standards for infection prevention (IP) practices that protect the client and health care worker, developing and implementing such efforts in more than 40 countries.

By systematically integrating IP into health care initiatives such as family planning, reproductive health, maternal and newborn health, and HIV/AIDS prevention programs, countries may:

  • Reduce the spread of infectious diseases
  • Promote the use of effective waste management
  • Minimize environmental pollution
  • Reduce the perceived risk of HIV infection for health care providers

Changing perceptions about risks related to infection prevention helps to reduce health care worker attrition and increases the likelihood that sufficient numbers of students will continue to complete basic education to become physicians, nurses, midwives and other types of health personnel.

Technical Resources

Reference Manual: Infection Prevention Guidelines for Healthcare Facilities with Limited Resources Learning PackageReference Manual: Infection Prevention Guidelines for Healthcare Facilities with Limited Resources Learning Resource Package offers guidance for hospitals and other facilities providing general, medical, surgical and obstetric services.

Learning Resource Package: The Infection Prevention Guidelines for Healthcare Facilities with Limited Resources Learning Resource Package is designed to provide basic IP knowledge and skills to all levels of health care workers in a six-day course. The course can be given as group-based training, adapted for self-directed learning or incorporated into a pre-service education curriculum of clinical training.

Two videos are also available for use with this training package—“Infection Prevention for Healthcare Facilities with Limited Resources: Overview and Practical Training Demonstration Segments” and “Safe Practices in the Operating Room.” They describe the importance of IP practices in protecting clients and health care workers, and demonstrate the main steps of processing instruments.

A Jhpiego ReproLearn® tutorial (CD-ROM and Web-based), part of the series “Care of Women with HIV Living in Limited-Resource Settings,” explains the risks of acquiring HIV and other diseases in health care settings and reviews IP practices to make the workplace safer.

Ebola Response Initiative

During the Ebola crisis in West Africa, Jhpiego ramped up efforts to provide critical, lifesaving infection prevention and control (IPC) assistance to the governments of Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria, including updating the skills of health workers who deliver care to women and families in these countries. Read More »

IPC: Keeping Patients and Health Care Workers Safe

For Dr. Joseph Malunda, Medical Officer In-Charge of Singida Regional Hospital, rounds begin an hour earlier than regular reporting time. He visits all departments of the hospital to ensure that things are in order before the formal start of services. In particular, Malunda is looking at compliance with IPC standards. Read More »

Jhpiego-Led Training Motivates Pakistan Health Care Providers to Implement Infection Prevention Measures

Senior physicians attending a workshop on the postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) learn to appreciate the importance of infection prevention and control and maintaining such standards in keeping women healthy. This workshop, held in partnership with the Government of Pakistan, is part of a commitment to build the capacity of health care workers to strengthen maternal health care and family planning services for women. Read More »

Case Study: Malawi

An estimated 780,000 adults aged 15 to 49—about 15 percent of the adult population—are living with HIV/AIDS in Malawi, according to a UNAIDS 2002 report. Jhpiego, with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development, helped Malawi's Ministry of Health and Population and National Quality Assurance Task Force to develop national standards in 2001. The standards have been implemented at seven pilot hospitals, resulting in dramatic improvements in IP practices in just over a year. Impressed with the success of Malawi's IP program, other countries in Africa are planning to adopt the same approach. Read Full Story in the IP Infosheet »